Updating the National Integrated Solid Waste Strategy and the National Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan

Updating the National Integrated Solid Waste Strategy and the National Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan

Source of funding


Name of client/donor

GIZ - Germany

Overall project value

EUR 79,000


March 2017 – November 2017

Beneficiary countries


Number of staff


Waste management is currently considered to be the biggest environmental challenge in Albania. Most stakeholders, both institutional and non-governmental, agree that the development of waste management infrastructure and institutional capacity has not kept pace with rapid economic growth and urban expansion.

The Albanian Government has adopted waste management legislation in line with the EU requirements. Waste management policies consist of a legislative framework and the National Integrated Solid Waste Strategy and the respective plan.

The national strategy and plan guide policy making at national, regional and local level. The national strategy establishes general objectives and stipulates guiding principles and decision-making criteria, which provide the basis for the preparation of implementation strategies and plans. The strategy and plan are based on the need to protect public health, the environment and the economy through the reduction of waste, the recovery of resources and the maximisation of recycling and re-use. The strategy and plan show the way towards a circular economy and are aligned with the EU Waste Framework Directive (WFD). They have an emphasis on feasibility and affordability, in order to provide a useful policy and planning instrument.

The national strategy and plan were adopted by the Government of Albania in February 2011, but since then little progress has been made towards achieving the objectives of the documents and aligning with EU standards. The need to update the documents to make them implementable and financeable was therefore recognised by all stakeholders in the country.

The main objective of the project is to update both the national strategy and the plan (an integral part of the strategy for the period 2010–2025) and, when amendments are deemed necessary, to ensure several rounds of presentation, commenting and adjustment. The draft proposal for the strategy (for 2017–2021) and plan (for 2017–2030) should be developed and agreed on by stakeholders in a participatory manner.

The updating of the strategy and the respective plan is a continuous process involving various activities – planning, implementation, regular monitoring, evaluation, adjusting and updating. These activities must be undertaken in close consultation with the main stakeholders, who include waste experts and representatives from the waste management sector involved in waste collection, recycling, composting, biogas production, and the management of disposal sites and landfill; industrial and commercial organisations; consumers associations; and NGOs. The strategy must become the planning tool at national level and an obligatory guidance document for regulation, budgeting and operations at regional and municipal level.

Activity 1: Current situation / Albanian context

Data collection and macro-economic analysis, including a brief analysis of the current implementation of specific issues related to solid waste management practices in Albania.

Activity 2: Development of the national strategy

The national waste strategy should outline the national goals and key steps essential to the achievement of these goals, guided by the EU WFD and based on feasible and realistic estimations for the proposed priority actions.

Activity 3: Development of the national plan

The development of the national waste management plan must be based on a careful initial assessment. In order to propose realistic actions/solutions, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the political context, showing how responsibilities are shared between the state, regional and local authorities, as well as between government ministries.

  • Team leading
  • Strategic planning
  • Stakeholder mobilisation
  • Communication
  • Waste management expertise