Developing a More Conducive Environment for Green Jobs and Enterprises in Montenegro

Developing a More Conducive Environment for Green Jobs and Enterprises in Montenegro

Source of funding

International Labour Organisation

Name of client/donor

International Labour Organisation

Overall project value

EUR 14,145


March 2017 – May 2017

Beneficiary countries


Number of staff


According to the National Strategy for Sustainable Development 2016–2030, employment growth in Montenegro will be in the green economy, via the process of “greening” current jobs and creating green jobs in the future, and by the green transformation of sectors that can directly contribute to reducing the country’s ecological footprint. The greatest potential for the creation of green jobs lies in renewable energy generation, recycling, public transportation, energy efficiency in housing, organic agriculture on small farms, and sustainable forestry. In economic sectors, the greatest potential for new employment is in agriculture, energy and tourism.

A study carried out by the United Nations Environment Programme/United Nations Development Programme, which analysed models and impacts of green investments, estimates that green investments could potentially open up to 17,500 new jobs by 2020 in Montenegro, 95 percent of them in tourism and related sectors. The study also estimates that over 16,000 new jobs could be created indirectly — through the better use of domestic and local value chains (e.g. substituting imported goods with domestic goods, especially in agriculture).

The objective of the project was to compile a green jobs review for selected municipalities in the northern region of Montenegro (Mojkovac, Bijelo Polje and Berane). This was the first in-depth analysis of green jobs potential in Montenegro and provided enhanced evidence-based knowledge and target shortcomings in the legislation and the use of opportunities for the creation of green jobs in Montenegro.

The review was carried out via desk research into national and local legal frameworks and the environment for green jobs, in close cooperation with the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of the Government of Montenegro and the participating municipalities (Mojkovac, Bijelo Polje and Berane).

  • Legal/policy review: Analyses of existing strategic documents and studies; definition of concrete actions and measures; review of the legal framework and drafting legislation recommendations with respect to promoting green jobs, also taking into account local development plans; review of the survey report by the Montenegro Employment Federation and identification of gaps in compliance in legal frameworks.
  • Review of environmental performance and economic activity in the municipalities of Mojkovac, Bijelo Polje and Berane.
  • Participation in the working group established by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism to develop policy recommendations for a more conducive environment for green jobs and enterprises. 
  • Analysis of policy and legislation
  • Analysis of economic activity
  • Drafting of recommendations
  • Support to policy making