Stabilising Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport by Doubling Global Vehicle Fuel Economy: Regional Implementation of the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)

Stabilising Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport by Doubling Global Vehicle Fuel Economy: Regional Implementation of the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)

Source of funding

Global Environment Facility

Name of client/donor

United Nations Environment Programme

Overall project value

EUR 240,000


April 2015 – June 2018

Beneficiary countries

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia | Montenegro

Number of staff


The project was initiated in the context of the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI), which supports planning and action to improve national automotive fuel economy and to contribute to the target of halving CO2 emissions from the global car fleet by 2050. The project is being implemented by the REC’s country offices in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro, in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; and the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs, and the Ministry of the Interior of Montenegro.

The overall objective of the project is to create an enabling environment that will lead to the development and implementation of a national fuel economy policy in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro within the GFEI. The fuel economy policy should contribute to reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions through tailored measures that promote cleaner and more fuel efficient vehicles. Such measures include interventions in the existing legal framework and strategic documents, as well as the introduction of economic instruments.

National working groups were established in both countries, comprising staff from various governmental and non-governmental organisations and agencies, to provide advice on the technical details of project implementation. The working groups monitor and support the project and discuss and approve fuel economy policy interventions with the aim of mainstreaming fuel economy into existing national strategies on climate change, transport and energy. The working groups also prepare the way for the transposition and implementation of EU Regulation No. 443/2009 on emission performance standards for new passenger cars. The Macedonian project team undertook a study tour to Slovenia to find out about fuel economy policy and taxation from an EU member state. The Montenegrin national project team engaged key experts from the neighbouring EU member states Croatia and Slovenia in order to ensure the inclusion of all relevant aspects and directives related to the field of environment and transport.

The project objective will be achieved through the following activities:

  • Cooperating with experts and decision makers to facilitate the recognition of fuel economy as an instrument for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change.
  • Updating/creating the national auto fuel economy baseline and undertaking a cost-benefit analysis for the respective fuel economy policy measures.
  • Reviewing national legislation and current policy (including taxation) related to fuel economy issues and identifying barriers to the implementation of fuel economy policy.
  • Analysing EU directives that set vehicle emission standards and establishing a roadmap for the transposition of these directives into national legislation.
  • Training national decision makers on developing fuel economy standards according to the relevant EU directives and based on similar experience in other countries in the region.
  • Developing a draft fuel economy policy for incorporation in relevant national strategies and/or laws/bylaws.
  • Implementing a public awareness campaign on fuel economy standards and the benefits of fuel economy, including via national television (in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) and via a national conference and the publication of support materials (in Montenegro).


  • Drafting reports
  • Reviewing legislation
  • Developing draft policies
  • Raising awareness