Source of funding
Name of client/donor
Human Dynamics KG
Overall project value
May 2017 – May 2020
Number of staff
In 2007, the EU adopted a climate and energy package with the goal of reducing its GHG emissions by 20 percent by 2020 (against 1990 levels), and further targets have been set for 20 percent of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources, and for a 20 percent reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels to be achieved by improving energy efficiency. The EU’s intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) formally put forward a binding, economy-wide target of at least 40 percent domestic GHG emissions reductions below 1990 levels by 2030, which corresponds to the long-term vision towards a low-carbon economy in the EU as described in the 2050 Roadmap.
The Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) Planning Document states that “The objective in this sector is for Turkey to fully comply with EU environmental and climate change legislation upon accession, requiring adoption of all relevant directives and legislation, including the necessary investments." One of the indicators to measure progress towards this objective is “Development of measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change, with convergence towards EU requirements and mainstreaming of climate change considerations into other sector policies."
Turkey has developed the National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) in order to contribute to global efforts to reduce the impacts of climate change, taking into account its own special circumstances and capacity. The National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP), published in July 2011, includes strategic principles and goals for GHG emissions control and adaptation to climate change up to 2023. The objectives of the NCCAP include reducing primary energy intensity by 20 percent compared to 2008 by 2023, and increasing the share of renewable energy in electricity production. The NCCAP includes goals and actions related to energy, buildings, transport, industry, waste, agriculture, land use and forestry, climate change adaptation and cross-cutting issues.
The goal of the project is to build national and local capacity to prepare for medium- and long-term climate action towards climate-resilient low-carbon development, which will gradually result in alignment with EU climate policy and legislation by providing an analytical basis to support the realisation of low-carbon development in the long term, specifically focusing on cost-effective climate change mitigation actions related to the buildings, waste, transportation and agricultural sectors of the NCCAP.
The beneficiary of the project is the Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation. Stakeholders are the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication, the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, and the Turkish Statistical Institute.
The strategic principles of the project are:
- prioritising capacity development;
- promoting dialogue and collaboration with stakeholders from the public, private and non-governmental sectors;
- ensuring a profound understanding of the local situation and strong backstopping capacities;
- adopting a results-orientated, solution-driven approach;
- working as genuine partners;
- establishing monitoring and evaluation as tools for evidence-based policy making; and
- ensuring effective project management.
Project activities include:
- reviewing existing strategies in relation to climate change;
- preparing regulatory and sectoral impact assessments for the EU climate acquis;
- determining the costs and emission mitigation potential of the actions specified in the buildings, waste, transportation and agricultural sectors in the NCCAP; and
- developing an analytical basis for possible strategies and actions ensuring low-carbon development in the long term.
- Strategy review
- Capacity building
- Technical support
- Report drafting