Elaboration of Restoration Measures for Kampinos National Park

Elaboration of  Restoration Measures for Kampinos National Park

Source of funding

EEA Grants and Norway Grants

Name of client/donor

Warsaw University of Life Science

Overall project value

EUR 94,000

Date

July 2008 – March 2011

Beneficiary countries

Poland

Number of staff

4

Kampinos National Park (KPN) is one of the most valuable wetlands in Poland. It is home to about 3,000 species of animals, 220 of which are protected. Due to its unique values, the area is protected not only as a national park, but also as a UNESCO biosphere reserve and a Natura 2000 site.

One of the main threats to the KPN wetlands is the constant decrease in the groundwater level. This is due, among other things, to the significant hydrotechnical work carried out in the 19th and 20th centuries. This work, which resulted in the transformation of peat bogs into meadows and pastures, have resulted in the degradation of the wetland ecosystems.

The project was designed to develop optimal methods to protect the KPN wetland ecosystems. The aim was to define target conditions for the environment by defining existing constraints (related to water, soil and socioeconomics) and to draw up natural and technical assumptions for planned restoration activities.

Over many years, the management of KPN has undertaken measures to counteract the natural degradation of the wetland ecosystems. However, the lack of comprehensive scientific data and of an interdisciplinary model for the functioning of the wetlands meant that those activities were not able to address all the water-related problems in the KPN. This project, implemented by an interdisciplinary team of Polish scientists and supported by experts from the University of Oslo, was designed to fill the gaps in data and develop tools for modelling.

  • Creation of a spatial GIS database (surface water, groundwater, soil, vegetation, socioeconomic issues, technical activities, wetland quality).
  • Development of tools for modelling and protecting the wetland ecosystems.
  • Assessment of the current state and definition of the target state of the environment.
  • Creation of a map of conflict areas and identification of the type of conflicts.
  • Analysis of costs and socioeconomic benefits.
  • Public consultation.
  • Environmental assessment
  • Analyses
  • Public consultation
  • Data collection and processing