Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Draft Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro up to 2030

Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Draft Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro up to 2030

Source of funding

Ministry of Economy of Montenegro, KfW Germany

Name of client/donor

COWI Norway

Overall project value

EUR 43,554


November 2012 – December 2013

Beneficiary countries


Number of staff


Energy, tourism and agriculture are the three most important strategic components of the Montenegrin economy. The energy sector has the greatest potential for expansion and development, thus special attention is given to its development, reform, and integration in the regional and European energy markets.

The Government of Montenegro prepared an Energy Policy up to 2030, which was adopted in March 2011. This policy provided the basis for the preparation of the draft Energy Development Strategy by 2030, which is defined by an action plan due to be finalised in the period 2013 to 2017.

In the context of the draft strategy, the main focus was on the need to conduct a parallel strategic environmental assessment (SEA), which is required under Montenegrin law and must be included as part of the decision-making process.

The main objectives in preparing the SEA were to take fully into account environmental and human health issues during the preparation of the strategy so as to ensure sustainable development and public participation, and improve human health and environmental protection.

Besides reviewing existing conditions and the country’s developmental plans, the SEA for the draft Energy Development Strategy by 2030 was intended to:

  • provide information on potential significant impacts on human health and the environment, including factors such as biological diversity, the population, fauna, flora, land, water, air, climate, material resources, cultural heritage (including architectural and archaeological heritage) and landscape, and interrelationships between these factors;
  • describe potential mitigation and optimisation measures to prevent, reduce or eliminate, to the greatest extent possible, any significant negative impacts on human health and the environment that might be caused by the implementation of the draft strategy;
  • develop and compare alternatives in order to allow decision makers to determine how to achieve the strategic objectives at the lowest social, environmental and economic cost while providing the greatest benefits;
  • review significant transboundary impacts associated with the draft strategy on the environment and human health, in accordance with the Espoo Convention and its Kyiv Protocol;
  • ensure that monitoring is in compliance with Montenegrin laws and EU directives and is carried out according to the recommendations of the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the standards of the European Network for Information and Observation (EIONET); and
  • conduct public hearings and collect comments from all relevant stakeholders.
  • Reviewing national legislation/policy.
  • Reviewing strategic documents/developmental plans.
  • Developing the SEA on the draft Energy Development Strategy up to 2030.
  • Organising public hearings and drafting the public hearing report.
  • Obtaining and reviewing comments from all relevant stakeholders and from public hearings.
  • Obtaining the approval of the SEA by the relevant national authorities.
  • Policy and legislation analyses
  • Development of the SEA
  • Support to policy making
  • Conducting public hearings
  • Information dissemination