In the forthcoming period, REC Country Office for BiH will implement project “Preparation of Cantonal Waste Management Plans in 3 Cantons: Herzegovina-Neretva, West-Herzegovina and Herzeg-Bosnia Cantons”, with the financial support of the Environmental Protection Fund of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The territory of these three cantons covers 11,250 km2 and the total population is about 330,000. Herzegovina-Neretva Canton is the only canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina with access to the sea. The terrain is mostly hilly karst with high mountains in the north. The entire area constitutes a precious ecoregion with many endemic and endangered species.
The average waste generation in BiH is 0,89 kg/cap/day. Regarding waste composition, organic waste amounts about 50% (municipal average) and dry recyclables (plastic, glass, paper, metals, al. cans, PET) around 30% of the total waste. This percentage is lower in rural municipalities and higher in the urban cantons. Currently, in Bosnia and Herzegovina there are: 6 active regional sanitary landfills that serve 36 municipalities (out of 141 + Brcko District) and 2 under construction that will serve 6 more municipalities; 93 noncompliant municipal landfills; 12000 wild dumps; 5 sorting lines; and no other options for waste (pre)treatment are available in the country.
The general objective of the project is to improve the waste management situation in those cantons through the provision of conditions for safe collection and disposal of waste, processing of waste for recycling, separation of raw materials and their use for energy production. The development of a waste management plan is a legally binding obligation of each Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which simultaneously reflects the complexity of waste management activities and represents the instrument that all relevant Municipal authorities need to agree and on which activities and investments in the waste management sector will be planned. These plans will provide an overview of economic and investment requirements as well as ways to finance a waste management system (collection and treatment of waste). The plans will also define the prerequisites for a sustainable integrated waste management system for a period of 5 years.
The project should enhance partnership between the various stakeholders and should raise public awareness of waste management issues and better waste management through involvement of public in the process of preparing these plans.