Stakeholders encouraged to follow REC-developed approach
In implementing the WATER SUM project, the REC team follows an approach that all relevant stakeholders should understand prior to starting their own work. This approach will ensure the smooth and successful implementation of project activities. Stakeholder analysis is performed by using a methodology that was specially developed for local water security action planning (LWSAP) within the Water SUM project by Prof. Mark Reed (1). The project team then performs stakeholder analyses as a second activity and third step of the LWSAP process, as presented in the figure below:
Stakeholder analysis has been carried out in all the participating local communities:
- Municipality Al Karak
- Municipality Jarrash
- Municipality Al-Salt
- Municipality Ajloun
- Nefza delegation
- Bir Mcherga delegation
- Matmata delegation
- Sidi Ali Ben Aoun Delegation
At the beginning of the process, initial planning teams organised initial workshops for invited stakeholders (natural networkers and individuals who know lots of people) in order to identify organisations, groups and individuals who are particularly influential and are interested in developing a local water security action plan at local level. Such initial workshops were organised both in Tunisia and Jordan. A list of stakeholders for national stakeholder workshops was compiled as a result.
The initial planning team, in consultation with the local coordinator, carried out the stakeholder analysis.
Two national stakeholders’ workshops were organised, the main objectives of which were: to provide participants with basic theoretical information on stakeholder analysis; and to develop a stakeholder list (i.e. to fill in "REC Green Sheet Table on Stakeholder Analysis”). The first workshop was held on January 12, 2016, in Hammamet, Tunisia, and brought together more than 40 stakeholders. The second workshop was held on January 14, 2016, in Amman, Jordan, during which more than 40 stakeholders discussed how water security action planning influences national and local stakeholders.
As result of both workshops, stakeholder lists were developed for each municipality and delegation. These stakeholder lists were cross checked (through a so-called triangulation process) by prominent individuals (identified during initial workshops) from each municipality and delegation. A few changes were made during this process, and the project team come up with final stakeholder tables that served as a ground for recommendations on setting up local LWSAP planning teams in Jordan and Tunisia.
During the regional workshop, all participants had a chance to double-check developed stakeholder lists. Discussion was focused primarily on how to avoid possible conflicts and how to create alliances that empower marginalised groups.
Stakeholder analysis ensured a balanced composition of local planning teams by securing the participation of different stakeholders, ranging from key players with high interest and high influence to those who, while perhaps less influential, were very important for the success of the action planning process.
1. Reed, M.: Step 03, Stakeholder Analysis. In: R. Lausevic, S. Milutinovic, J. Petersen-Perlman, M. Reed, A. Graves, M. Bartula, S. Susic, A. Popovic (2016). Local Water Security Action Planning Manual. Regional Environmental Center, Szentendre, Hungary. ISBN 978-963-9638-69-3